Adolf Hitler a Christian?

Let’s jump right into the frey shall we?

Evilbible states emphatically, “History is currently being distorted by the millions of Christians who lie to have us believe that the Holocaust was not a Christian deed. Through subterfuge and concealment, many of today’s Church leaders and faithful Christians have camouflaged the Christianity of Adolf Hitler and have attempted to mark him an atheist, a pagan cult worshipper, or a false Christian in order to place his misdeeds on those with out Jesus.”

Well, that certainly is a most direct accusation, but does it have any merit?

Hitler’s Early Life

Hitler was baptized into the Catholic Church as a baby. While this is true, I am certain it is equally true that many avowed atheists were also baptized as infants and if that is all it takes to identify someone as a Christian then these atheists have a lot of explaining to do.

As a child, he participated in normal church activities such as being an altar boy. Nothing unusual here either for a male child of that time and place. Not all that dissimilar of Josef Stalin.

Hitler said “I had excellent opportunity to intoxicate myself with the solemn splendor of the brilliant church festivals. As was only natural, the abbot seemed to me, as the village priest had once seemed to my father, the highest and most desirable ideal.” One may see even here, that it is not so much a spiritual faith Hitler had in his mind, rather a pomp and circumstance charade whose pinnacle of worship is the high priest rather than God.

In looking at Hitler one sees that this is the beginning of his own messianic imaginings of salvation, veneration, and worship with himself as the high priest.

Mein Kampf

Hitler certainly talked a lot about Christianity in his book Mein Kampf, but did he really? Even if one were to say he was a Christian, it is a different Christianity than what most people know. At one juncture pointing out that Jesus was a German no less.

From a 1922 speech we see the distortion that is pervasive of his Christianity: “My feelings as a Christian points me to my Lord and Savior as a fighter. It points me to the man who once in loneliness, surrounded by a few followers, recognized these Jews for what they were and summoned men to fight against them and who, God’s truth!, was greatest not as a sufferer but as a fighter.”

It is here that we see clearly what Hitler thought of Christianity. While he postured himself as a Christian it is clear that he despised it.

Nazism and Christianity

“National Socialism [Nazism] and Christianity are irreconcilable. When in the future our youth no longer hear anything about this Christianity, whose doctrine is far below our own, Christianity will automatically disappear.  When we National Socialists speak of a belief in God…we mean the force which moves all these bodies in the universe, in accordance with natural law, is what we call the Almighty or God. The assertion that this world-force can worry about the fate of every individual, every bacillus on earth, and that it can be influenced by so-called prayer or other astonishing things, is based either on a suitable dose of naivete or on outright commercial effrontery.”

~Martin Bormann, Reich Leader, 1942, ‘National Socialist and Christian Concepts are Incompatible’, From Kirchliches Jahrbuch fur die evangelische Kirche in Deutschland, 1933-1944, pp. 470-472, quoted pp. 245-247, George L. Mosse, Nazi Culture: A Documentary History”

“One is either a Christian or a German. You can’t be both.”~Hermann Rauschning

“But today a new faith is awakening: the myth of the blood…Then in place of the Old Testament stories of cattle breeders and the exploitation of prostitutes, we shall have the Nordic sagas and fairy tales, at first simply recounted, later assuming the form of symbols.” ~Alfred Rosenberg, Myth of the Twentieth Century, 1932, quoted p. 6, The War Against God, edited by Carl Carmer

Hitler himself said “It is through the peasantry that we shall really be able to destroy Christianity, because there is in them a true religion rooted in nature and blood.”

Hitler declared Nazism the state religion, removed the Bible from schools, and replaced it with Mein Kampf

The National Reich Church – Rosenberg, Bormann, and Himmler

“The National Reich Church of Germany categorically claims the exclusive right and the exclusive power to control all churches within the borders of the Reich: it declares these to be national churches of the German Reich.”

“The National Church is determined to exterminate irrevocably…the strange and foreign Christian faiths imported into Germany in the ill-omened year 800…”

“The National Church has no scribes, pastors, chaplains or priests, but National Reich orators are to speak in them.”

“The National Church demands immediate cessation of the publishing and dissemination of the Bible in Germany…”

“On the altars there must be nothing but ‘Mein Kampf’ (to the German nation and therefore to God the most sacred book) and to the left of the altar a sword.”

“On the day of its foundation, the Christian Cross must be removed from all churches, cathedrals and chapels…and it must be superseded by the only unconquerable symbol, the swastika.”

~The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, by William L. Shirer

The SS, Hitler’s Schutzstaffel, or “Protective Echelon”, ironically wore belt buckles which stated”Gott Mit Uns” or God is with Us. The SS were forbidden from believing in God. It was a 400 year old battle cry of the Byzantine Empire, a password in several wars including the Thirty Years War, the words on the Prussian coat of Arms of Frederick I……and the belt buckles were left over from the Imperial army from WWI.

Outside of Germany Hitler began rounding up clergy, imprisoning and executing them.

Hitler, Darwin, and Paganism

“My pedagogy is strict,” he once explained. “I want a powerful, masterly, cruel and fearless youth… There must be nothing weak or tender about them. The freedom and dignity of the wild beast must shine from their eyes… That is how I will root out a thousand years of human domestication.”

Hitler and his associates were firm Darwinists and believed that human evolution could be manipulated to produce the “super-man” rather than wait for time and natural selection. In exterminating whole nations and peoples they were just “…helping them along their evolutionary path.”

It was state policy to murder the mentally ill, retarded, and disabled. To purify the race by purging the hospitals and sanitoriums.

It is interesting to note Hitler’s choice of the swastika as the symbol for the Nazi Germany as this is a pagan symbol indicating “good luck” or “glorious”. There is no question as to whether or not it is a pagan symbol as it has been found in every pagan society yet unearthed.

Hitler wanted his race to be and become the next evolutionary step in mankind’s journey. There is no doubt about this. The super-race and their position within nature, at it’s peak, reigning supreme. Such devotion to the natural is definitively pagan.

The Nazi Master Plan

If there is any doubt left as to Hitler’s Christianity or his intentions, they are dispelled by papers at Rutgers University School of Law at Camden. These are papers from the Reich and evidenced at Nuremberg that no one had really looked at until recently.

The Nazi Master Plan: The Persecution of the Christian Churches

Hitler wanted to exterminate Christianity. The plan details the steps that were to be taken.

The removal of the Bible from all churches
The installation of Mein Kampf as the book of worship in all churches
The removal of the clergy and related workers from all churches
The execution of the clergy
The destruction of churches where people held to actual faith
Pledges of allegiance to both Hitler and the Reich

Hitler stated “Pure Christianity — the Christianity of the catacombs — is concerned with translating the Christian doctrine into fact. It leads simply to the annihilation of mankind. It is merely wholehearted Bolshevism, under a tinsel of metaphysics. Do you really believe the masses will ever be Christian again? Nonsense. Never again. The tale is finished… but we can hasten matters. The parsons will be made to dig their own graves.”

Rearrange a couple of words and one would think it was Hitler’s hero Stalin who was speaking.

“In both ‘The Third Reich’ and ‘Sacred Causes’, Burleigh emphasizes the widely unknown or deliberately ignored fact that the strongest opposition to Nazi ideology and criminality came from conservative “men of God.”

This is no accident. While left-wing critics of Nazism wrongly saw in it only a virulent version of either “late capitalism” or German nationalism, its conservative Christian opponents were far more sensitive to the movement’s profoundly anti-traditional character. The more discerning among them saw in Nazism nothing less than a “revolution of nihilism.” And not a few of them courageously rose to the challenge of resisting the new barbarism.

In addition to Bishop Clemens August Graf von Galen, the “lion of Munster,” who in a series of famous sermons in 1941 denounced the murderous Nazi euthanasia campaign, some of the Austrian and German bishops did not shrink from attacking the “racist madness” of Nazism.

In his great encyclical Mit brennender Sorge (1938), written pointedly in German and clandestinely smuggled into Germany, Pope Pius XI attacked modern racialism, the cynical Nazi appropriation of Christian symbolism, nationalist idolatry, and a false cult of human greatness. Likewise, in the first encyclical of his pontificate, Summi pontificis, released in the fall of 1939, Pius XII affirmed the “fundamental unity” of the human race and expressed his profound sympathy for the plight of Poland. The whole world had no doubt at the time whom the same pontiff had in mind in his 1942 Christmas message when he spoke of “the hundreds of thousands of innocent people put to death or doomed to slow extinction, sometimes merely because of their race or descent.” This prudent, perhaps too prudent, diplomat-pope, despising National Socialism but solicitous of putting an end to a suicidal total war, helped inspire the heroic witness of groups like Temoignage chretien in France (whose anti-Nazi pamphleteers included such eminent philosophers and theologians as Gaston Fessard and Henri de Lubac) as well as the Italian Catholics who saved tens of thousands of Jews in the fall of 1944 when the Nazis unleashed full scale war against the Jews in occupied Italy.

The rewriting of history to suggest that the Christian West was somehow culpable in the murderous agenda of the National Socialists is one of the greatest intellectual distortions of our time.”

Summary of the conclusions of Michael Burleigh, Nazi historian
~ John Ray M.A. Ph.D

By then end of the war there was a reported 200,000 to 800,000 Christians in concentration camps.

Hitler and the Church

Much ado is made of the actions of the church during Hitler’s reign. Why didn’t the church condemn Hitler?

Well first off, they did. Pius XII did publicly condemn racist oppression — in his wartime Christmas messages and at other times. The church is also credited with saving at least 750,000 Jews from death. According to Pinchas E. Lapide the number is more likely 860,000. This is not insignificant. Yet no one mentions it.

The church also condemned the Nazi policy of murdering mentally and physically disabled Germans with their eugenics policies.

Several Jewish groups petitioned the pope to remain neutral in the hopes that this would give him more diplomatic persuasion.

Pope Pius XII prepared a statement condemning Nazi persecution of Jews in 1942 but he didn’t make it public because of events in the Netherlands. Dutch bishops had protested against the exportation of Dutch Jews, bringing swift retaliation from the Nazis.

In appreciation of what Pius did for the Jews; the World Jewish Congress made a large cash gift to the Vatican in 1945. In the same year, Rabbi Herzog of Jerusalem sent a ‘special blessing’ to the Pope ‘for his lifesaving efforts on behalf of the Jews during the Nazi occupation of Italy’; and when Pius died in 1958, Israel’s Foreign Minister Golda Meir gave a him moving eulogy at the United Nations for the same reason. ~Pius XII and the Jewish Holocaust, George Sim Johnston.

Pius XII and the Jewish Holocaust by George Sim Johnston

Albert Einstein in the December 23 1940 issue of Time magazine said, “Being a lover of freedom, when the revolution came in Germany, I looked to the universities to defend it, knowing that them had always boasted of their devotion to the cause of truth; but, no, the universities immediately were silenced. Then I looked to the great editors of the newspapers whose flaming editorials in days gone by had proclaimed their love of freedom; but they, like the universities, were silenced in a few short weeks… Only the Church stood squarely across the path of Hitler’s campaign for suppressing truth. I never had any special interest in the Church before, but now I feel a great affection and admiration because the Church alone has had the courage and persistence to stand for intellectual truth and moral freedom. I am forced thus to confess that what I once despised I now praise unreservedly.”

Finally, one must also realize that this is not the Church of Cardinal Richelieu possessing an army to deploy. Those days are gone.


The conclusion is inescapable, Hitler was a politician who, like many today, pretend to Christianity while hating all it stands for. He said what needed to be said so that he could have the time to work his will upon the people.

If Hitler could be said to have worshiped anything, it would be nature, or the natural order. Making him a pagan.

And if he believed in a messiah sent by this god of the natural order, it was when he looked in the mirror that he saw that messiah.

He believed that the true Aryan race was at hand and that he was the one ordained by the cosmos to bring it about by helping other races along their evolutionary path to extinction. He did not quibble over morals, for nothing is more moral than nature and what man decides, and then he acted on it doing and saying whatever was necessary to bring it about.

Hitler was the epitome of the amoral pagan atheist.

The pinnacle of the natural man without God.



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Sins of the Fathers

Sins of the Fathers

I was recently having a conversation with someone who was basically of the opinion that if God existed, God had fewer morals and less compassion than humans do. Why you ask? Because God would not, or could not, keep the negligent or evil actions of people from affecting anyone but themselves. Or create a world where that would be the case.

I, of course, responded that such an action on God’s part would violate human free will to an extreme extent. The person I was speaking with didn’t buy it, or see a problem.

So I turned to Scripture to see what it had to say on the matter.

“The Lord is slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love, forgiving iniquity and transgression, but he will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the sins of the fathers on the children, to the third and the fourth generation.”~Numbers 14:18

Wow! That’s kind of harsh.

So I sought further explanation and found several theologians who address the issue via the differences between Covenant agreements and the Jewish legal system.
While you dear reader are free to search this out for yourself, I will only say that that explanation did not satisfy me.

Especially in light of these verses; “Fathers shall not be put to death for their sons, nor shall sons be put to death for their fathers; everyone shall be put to death for his own sin.”~Deuteronomy 24:16; as well as “The person who sins will die. The son will not bear the punishment for the father’s iniquity, nor will the father bear the punishment for the son’s iniquity; the righteousness of the righteous will be upon himself, and the wickedness of the wicked will be upon himself.”~Ezekiel 18:20

So my question was – what could this possible mean? Why would sin be visited upon the children, and the children’s children, down to the 3rd and 4th generation?

I asked myself, where does that happen today?

Then it hit me. Child abuse. Spousal abuse. Molestation. Alcoholism. Rape. The list goes on…

Human beings are fearfully and wonderfully made. They are complex and unique. Children even more so. And they are sponges when it comes to learning, or being affected by something.
There is a very real danger than children who grow up watching their parents beat the daylights out of each other will learn to resort to that in their own relationships.
The child who is beaten and abused may do the same to their children.
A mother who is an alcoholic might get pregnant and leave her child with lasting physical disability.
A father who gambles away the families money might set the standard for poverty for his children.

Is there any hope of stopping it?
Can God’s mind by changed by prayer?
Yes. And if He answers yes you have received a great blessing.

God sometimes wants us to grow, be more than we are, to do what’s best for us, ourselves.

I know a woman who was raped. The rapist made her pregnant. Thru her pain she decided she could not force this child that she was bearing to pay the price for the biological fathers crime.
She could not force this child she was bearing to pay the price for her own pain, and suffering, and mental anguish, and the immense change this will bring to her life.

This woman made the choice to bear the child.
She made the choice to pay the terrible price herself.
With God’s help and grace.
The price of total acceptance of the wrong that had been done her. That she had been hurt. Been damaged. Been changed. To deal with the pain, and the shame.  To be the sacrifice.

All for the blessing of life and love and her…daughter.

I know a man who was abused by his parents. Abused, beaten, drugged, molested, poisoned, broken in every way a child, a human being, can be broken.
Even with that pain, he took care of them in their old age.
It’s who he was.
He accepted the price. So he wouldn’t pass it on to his wife, or his child.
He vowed never to force himself in his child’s life the way his parents did to his.
Never to demand their life be about him, no matter the cost.
Let alone perpetrate any of the terrors they did to him. To accept what was done to him. And live as though it hadn’t.
Yet he pays the price every day now that his child is grown. His child doesn’t understand the gift he gives them. A gift he gives them so they can have their own life, their own family, their own joys, and sorrows. Not borrow any from the past.

And he leaves them be. Hoping for an invitation. Praying to be remembered. To be wanted.

He pays the price. To be the sacrifice.
To stop the sins of his parents with him.
And hopes for the best.
And accepts the greater good, over his personal loss. Because he loves his child more than himself.

God is not unjust. Not uncaring.
He made us complex, and unique.
For the best.

I realize now that in the conversation I was having, the person wanted God to violate free will, make us less than we are. Indeed to remove from our existence the pleasure of all good things, lest they be used for evil. Because no one does evil for evil’s sake.

God is good.

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The Road to Burnham


They say time flies. I don’t know about that. It sure does seem to get away from a person though. Has it really been that long? Seems like just a short while ago. It’s hard for me to grasp that 25 years have passed, this year, since my wife passed away.

What I remember most about that horrible time is the very last time I dreamt about my wife.

It was about two weeks after she had passed away, I didn’t like dreaming, I had several dreams where she was in a dark place, nighttime, it was raining, she was searching through mountains of…garbage. Have you ever seen the movie Doctor Detroit? The scene in the junkyard where there are mountains of junk? That place.

Same dream, three nights in a row. No I don’t know what they meant. Just that they made me feel terrible.

Then one night I dreamt about her and she was looking right at me. I could look in her eyes.

She was there. The sense of life was overwhelming.

We were in our car, beautiful summer day, morning from the look of the light. She was driving. We were on a road in the back country going up and down over small hills. An area I was familiar with. And she was looking at me and smiling the biggest smile I had ever seen. I noticed that her teeth were perfect. In life she had that “Lauren Hutton” gap-toothed smile. Not now though.
I heard her voice. Her lips didn’t move, she wasn’t letting go of that joyful smile she had on. But I heard her voice nonetheless. Just five words.

She said “It’s okay. I’m okay now.”

That meant something to me. She had had a rough life. Living with a terrible disease, taking medicines that had so many side effects. And for some reason, a lot of people were mean to her. Downright evil. Probably just because they could be. She was one of those people who…well, she peed sunshine and farted rainbows. Thought of everyone else first. You know the type.

She smiled at me in love, and warmth, and tenderness. This I was familiar with. But she also smiled at me with a joy that was bursting out from inside her.

Then, I was outside the car, standing on the shoulder of the road. I saw the car drive off into the distance, until it disappeared over a hill.

I never dreamed of her again.

Now, 25 years later, I still don’t know what to think. It certainly goes against what the church I was raised in taught about death, soul sleep. Today when I think about death, I still think about it in those same terms.

But my heart and my soul say it was her.
And on this side of life…that has to be enough.
Accept it for what it is.
Don’t make it something it isn’t.

But it was more than a dream.

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Image of Horus

Jesus Christ, the Son of God, or the Sun God Horus?

Horus was an Egyptian God. The name “Horus” was actually used for multiple deities, the most famous of whom is Harseisis (Heru-sa-Aset) or Horus, the son of Isis. And whenever we speak of Horus, this is the one most people are referring to. In Egypt the Pharaoh, was considered the Living avatar of Horus.

Often depicted as either a falcon, or the body of a man with a falcon’s head. Horus was the protector of Egypt, the god of the desert, storms, and chaos, god of the sky, and god of war.

There are aspects of the god Horus that many believe were copied and used by the Jews and early Christians to create their own god Jesus Christ. Let’s take a look at some of the similarities.

Virgin Birth

It would seem, as we saw in The Christ Myth – Mithras, that virgin births are very popular when it comes to claiming Christ is a copycat.

So was Horus born of a virgin? According to the story Isis was his mother, and Isis was married to Osiris, and there is no evidence to indicate she was abstinent before little Horus came around. I would have to say that he was not born of a virgin. According to the texts, Horus father Osiris, was killed, and his mother Isis put his body back together to have sex with it and produce Horus. Some accounts even show that she couldn’t find that really important part of Osiris and fashioned an artificial one to do the deed.

So definitely strange, and little necrophiliac, but definitely not a virgin birth.

Born of Mary and Joseph (Seb)

I had not heard this one before, that Horus was born to a Mary and Joseph. It is clearly wrong as we know that his mother was Isis, and his father was neither Joseph, nor Seb. Osiris was Horus father, Seb was Osiris father.

So we can conclude that this too is in error. No birth for Horus to a Mary and Joseph.

Heralded Birth

Every account of Horus birth I can find doesn’t say anything about his birth being announced by angels, and most texts show him being born in a swamp. Hardly a place you would find shepherds. Archaya S. notes that Horus was born in a cave but I think Archaya has confused Horus with Mithras here, as there are no texts I can find that suggest Horus was born in a cave.


Another claim of similarity is that Horus was baptized by Anup the baptizer. No texts show Horus ever being baptized and there is no mention of an Anup the baptizer.

Twelve Disciples

Horus had four disciples called the “Heru-Shemsu”. There is reference to a group of followers called the “mesnui” or blacksmiths, who followed Horus into battle, but we are not told how many there were.

Walked On Water

There is no mention of Horus ever walking on water.

Miracles, Exorcisms, and Resurrections

While their are miracles attributed to Horus, casting out demons or raising someone from dead are not among them.

Some will state that Horus raised El-Azarus (Osiris) from the dead. However there is no record of such an event in the texts, and Osiris was never referred to as El-Azarus. This appears to be nothing more than a poor attempt to link Christ’s raising of Lazarus from the dead with Osiris.

A Sermon on the Mount

The texts record that Horus never gave any sermons.

Iusa, the Ever-Becoming Son, Holy Child

The claim has been made that Horus was also called Iusa, the “ever-becoming son” or “holy child”. This is in reference to Jesus whose name in the Greek is Iesous. However the texts never show Horus being called Iusa, or for that matter anyone in Egypt being called that. Nor was Horus ever referred to as the ever-becoming or the holy child.

Transfiguration on the Mount

One must wonder where people get this from because there are no texts anywhere suggesting that Horus ever went through any kind of transfiguration on a mountain top.

Again, Horus was not crucified, as a matter of fact there really aren’t any stories telling how he died. There is one unofficial story that speaks of the death of Horus where he is cut up in pieces and thrown in the water. Later the parts are fished out by a crocodile at the request of his mother Isis.

The Way, the Truth, and the Life

Messiah, Lamb of God, Good Shepherd, and many other titles. Unfortunately Horus was not referred to as any of these. No where.

The KRST, the Christ

Another claim has been made that Horus was called the KRST, or the anointed one.

No he wasn’t. KRST translates as burial.


I think the conclusion is clear again, Jesus is not a copycat of Horus in any way, shape, or form. Indeed in the case of Horus, as in the case of Mithras, that there is a lot of nonfactual wishful thinking going on. That and outright lies and deception.

You of course, as always, are free to believe as you wish.

If you missed it here is – The Christ Myth: Mithras


Encyclopedia Mythica
The Book of the Dead
Suns of God – Archaya S.
Essential Guide to Egyptian Mythology – Donald B. Redford
Egyptian Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Goddesses, and Traditions of Ancient Egypt – Geraldine Pinch
The Egyptian Book of the Dead

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Melons I must admit that I am truly a little kid at heart.

Today is Thanksgiving. The time when we all should give thanks and be grateful for our blessings. We have toiled (hopefully) and we have reaped a good harvest (very hopefully). We give thanks to God from whom all blessings flow, and we thank each other, for family, for friendship, for family, and for love.

We also take time today to enjoy the labors of our toils By feasting, and resting, and having fun.

Thanksgiving for me is in my memories.

Memories of the smells – hot turkey, gravy and mashed potatoes, pumpkin pie (although I preferred apple).

Memories of the noises – so many people around, some family, some not. The cooking, and sizzling, and whisk whisk whisk of the stirring.

Not being alone. A day of thanks. And joy. And fun. Napping, after having been well fed.

A day when we take care of each other.

But as I said, I’m a kid inside. The best part of Thanksgiving is that it means Christmas is just around the corner!

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Relegated to the pages of history as indentured servants, America’s white slaves garner at most a footnote, if they are mentioned at all, in the history of early America.

Etymology of the word “slave”

The terms “slave” and “slavery” have their origins in the name of the people who were captured by Charlemagne in such numbers that their name for themselves, which meant “to hear about” or “famous”, became what their position in society came to be called.  The Slavs, or Slavic people lived in Russia, Poland, and other parts of Europe.  They were Caucasian.

Indentured Servitude or Slavery

Before America was even an independent nation, slavery or indentured servitude, was common.  It started with whites, in Europe, poor people with oppressive bills, or who just wanted a new life but could not afford passage, would sell themselves into “indentured” servitude, or in other words a contract that for a sum of money or passage to the new world they would become their servants for a length of time to those who paid for them.

The standard contract was for a 4-7 year period of servitude, at the end of which they would be freed.  It was commonly understood that it included the proviso that the freed servant be gifted a small piece of land so they could fend for them self and not become a burden on society.

Indenture certificate slave

That’s what the history books taught us in school.

What they do not tell us is that scenario is rarely what happened.  Very few of the indentured servants were ever released from their “contracts”.  As many as 90% of those indentured were never freed.  Many were worked to death.  Agreements to keep husbands and wives, or families together were not honored, with family members being sold off, including children born during the indenture.

Have you ever wondered where the term “white trash” comes from?  This is a colonial term that referred to those indentured servants lucky enough to be freed and given a piece of land.  Unfortunately this land was usually completely barren land incapable of being farmed or used for much of anything.  Trash-land.  These whites had to scrape by and toil day in and day out to scratch out a living.  Those better off often referred to them or complained about them, as white trash.

White Slavery

African slaves were hard to come by in the colonies since most were being sold by slavers to the West Indies.  So what was brought were white slaves.  The Scots, the Irish, even British whites were sold into slavery in America.  Thomas Burton, a member of Parliament who kept a famous diary of the proceedings, recorded a debate about the white slave trade and the selling of British whites into slavery, it was being argued that the slavery of whites “threatened the liberties of all Englishmen.”

People would be kidnapped right off the public streets.  Shopkeepers receiving money for pointing out those who had no connections, or the ability to defend themselves from kidnapping.

Indeed, shortly thereafter, slave raiding by ship became so bad that people fled the coastal areas of Europe lest they be kidnapped and sold into slavery.  As many as one and a quarter million white European Christians were kidnapped by slavers and sold into slavery.

In the Statutes at Large of Virginia, vol. 1 pp. 174, 198, 200, 243 & 306, the law saw no difference between Africans in bondage from white Europeans in bondage.

African Slavery

As African slaves became more available, the value of white slaves plummeted.  Indeed, as arduous as the “middle passage” was, it was just as arduous, or more so, for the white slaves.  White slaves were considered to be of such low value that they were restricted to the holds for the entire voyage.  Merchantmen records tell us that whole shipments of Irish sometimes perished in the crowded condition in the holds.  African mortality rates ran about 20%, while the mortality rates for Irish “Paddies” ran as high as 25% overall.  Sometimes hundreds of bodies would be chucked overboard into the ocean.

Ulrich B. Phillips in Life and Labor in the Old South, tells us that white slavery was “crucial to the development of Negro slave systems.”  That it was the fact that a system had been developed for buying, selling, controlling, etc., of white slaves being already in place, that made the introduction of African slaves so much easier.  A ready-made slave system, all that was needed was to plug the new slaves into it.

It was at this time that African slaves became so popular that Congressman David Wilmot authored the Wilmot Proviso to keep black slaves out of the American West, he did so, he said, to preserve that vast expanse of territory for white slaves, “the sons of toil, my own race and color.”

The Partus Rule

The Partus Rule  was an English Common Law that held that a child’s status was bestowed on him through the father’s lineage.  Sometimes informally referred to as the One-Drop rule. The law determined that only livestock passed status down through the mother.  This of course allowed the myriad sexual abuses of owners upon their slaves without worry about any children produced, it was possible to see households that included both free white children and slave white children that looked alike.

white slaves

The above image, from Harper’s Magazine, of recently freed slaves illustrates quite succinctly that slaves came in all colors.

Northern ministers record (because it was shocking) of preaching to congregations which included slaves who had white skin, red hair, and blue eyes.

Advertisements searching for runaway slaves listed descriptions such as; white, quite white, lily skin, brown hair with hazel eyes, looks like a white man.

Trials were held were men who looked completely white sued for their freedom on the grounds that they were white.  Most were sent back condemned as slaves for having a mulatto mother somewhere in their lineage.

The narrative of William W. Brown records seeing a girl on a slave ship, noticeable not because of her beauty, but because of her straight blond hair, white skin, and blue eyes.  And she was a slave.

Activists in the North made sure it was made known that slavery had no prejudice against color.  As a matter of fact, because it had reached the point where one could not tell if someone was a slave simply by appearance, the kidnapping of white children to be sold for profit as children of mulattoes, ran rampant.  Northern opinion was becoming aware that slavery wasn’t just a southern black issue.

We have an accounting of a slave auction from a New England doctor of the time, Charles G. Parsons who wrote –

“We saw a handbill in the bar-room in which forty-four female slaves were advertised for sale. Stepping out into the street, we found those girls sitting on the sidewalks. At the farther end of the row was a very beautiful girl, apparently perfectly white, and neatly dressed. The moment Mr. C. looked at her, he exclaimed, What do you think that white girl is sitting there with those Negroes for?’ “

“I presume she is a slave, sir,” said I.

“That can’t be!” replied Mr. C.,– “just look at her! Why I never saw a prettier girl in my life.”

Now Mr. C. had heard that likely quadroons are held as slaves and sold in the market; but he had never believed that a young lady, so entirely American, so elegant in form and feature, so intellectual in appearance, with pure blue eyes, and the perfect red and white Caucasian complexion, was in the same degraded condition as the African girl….he was unprepared to believe it, when I said to him, “she is a slave, sir!”…Still incredulous, Mr. C. stepped up to the drover and asked, “Is that white girl a slave, sir?”

“That’s not a white girl; she is a n*gger, sir,’ replied the drover…”


You will notice the term “quadroon”, similar terms such as quintroon and octoroon.  A quadroon was a person with one-fourth black ancestry.  In other words, three white grandparents and one black.  It also referred to someone with a Mulatto parent with either a black or white parent.

People from States that did not have slavery, but were subject to runaway slave laws, used the fact that so many slaves were indistinguishable from free whites that many were arrested and sent to prison for aiding runaway slaves, as reasons for the movement against slavery.

The Chicago Tribune in 1856 published a story titled “The White Slave” which detailed the story of a slave girl who had escaped from Missouri and fled to Illinois where she was taken in by a German couple, believing she was white.  The couple were arrested, one escaped, the other was imprisoned.  The Chicago Tribune said about the events – “You see the legitimate, the unavoidable fruits of the slave system in our sister state…Do you wish to incur for yourselves or your friends in the Territory the punishment of five years imprisonment in the Penitentiary, for the extraordinary crime of being unable to distinguish between a white free woman and a white slave?”

Slavery was becoming a real threat to the populations of the North.  White partus slaves, were white, all traits of African ancestry had vanished over the course of generations.  Even so, the census did not record them as white.  It was politically beneficial to include whites as slaves, since the three-fifths compromise gave the South a full 50% more representation in Congress than they would have been entitled to if one had only counted free whites.

Rediscovering Slave History

It is not my intent to attempt to erase anyone’s history, nor is it my intent to discount or downplay the suffering and bondage that African descended slaves endured. They suffered greatly.  The tragedy of slavery is not something to be proud of.  But it is a fact that it has been a part of almost every nation, every kingdom, every empire, that the Earth has known.  The tragedy that white slaves suffered in bondage has been “white-washed” out of the modern history books by people with an agenda, obsessed with pushing only one aspect of history. All of this was readily available knowledge until the late 1800’s, and then ever so slowly it was erased from the textbooks.  And so we have forgotten.

The working class whites of America owes no one any kind of reparations.  The legacy left to all of us, not just one race but all of us, black and white, is one of bondage, suffering, and humiliation.

A good first step would be to set aside the stereotyped misinformation that is fostered in classrooms around the nation.  It is just as likely that it was a white skinned back that felt the touch of a whip, red hair and blue eyes that suffered the attentions of an amorous master, or endured working conditions and treatment that led to death, as any other color.

No one race was alone in suffering bondage during the last four centuries.

It’s time that the history of those who have been forgotten is restored.

Lest we forget.



is where i was born.

home is where i grew up to crisp mid-winter mornings,

opening the kitchen door, feeling the cold blast

of air as i check to see if the milk had been delivered yet.

home is the patchwork lands,

acre after acre of corn and beans

split only by a dirt road going off into the distance.

home is the smells

of wet leaves and raked grass in the fall.

home is the different smells of late fall snows

from the early spring snows.

home is the places that are a part of me,

familiar friends i visited often.

home is the cold edge of air

in the winter, driving around at night

snow crystals reflecting light

like someone had shoveled diamonds

onto the road.

home is watching the mud-drenched muskrat

waddle its way down to the river.

home is the slow pace of living there,

not this break-neck pace

where time flies past unseen,

uncounted, and suddenly I do

not recognize my reflection in the glass.

home is where my dead are buried,

lying, waiting, knowing I will soon

join them, as one of them.

i often wonder if i will make it

home, before i die, once more to be apart

of the smells,

and the snow,

and the gentle breezes of spring.


photo by: AlicePopkorn

jury nullification

Unless you are very unusual, you groan when you see the notice for jury duty in with your mail.  I am told that there are some people who actually look forward to it.  But I haven’t met them yet.  Perhaps they just don’t know that being a juror is the most powerful position anyone can hold in our country.

The Power of the Juror

In a Constitution based system such as ours in the U.S. the lowly juror has more power than Congress, more power than the Supreme Court, even more power than the President.  If they will but use it.

Most jurors are completely unaware of just how much power they have.  The juror is the last, and ultimate authority over not just guilt and innocence.  The juror is the last and ultimate authority over the law and the courts, government, and the entirety of the citizenry.  In 1794 in the first jury trial before the Supreme Court, Chief Justice John Jay gave the jury these instructions; “It is presumed that juries are the best judges of the facts; it is, on the other hand presumed that the courts are the best judges of the law.  But still both objects are within your power of decision.  You have the right to take it upon yourself to judge both, and to determine the law as well as the facts in controversy.”

Do you understand?  The juror is the judge over not just the facts in evidence, but the law being applied as well!

Inside the Courtroom

So if jurors are actually the “judges”, what is going on in the courtroom?

When the State or Federal Government, as duly appointed representatives of the citizenry, believes that one or more of the laws of the land have been violated in or of such severity that it requires the State or Federal government to take something away from the defendant; their wealth, their liberty, or even their life, they must bring the case to court and present it to a jury to decide.  The government cannot take anyone’s wealth, liberty, or life, without your consent as a juror.

The attorneys making up the prosecutorial and defense teams are enacting what we call an adversarial system; that is, that the best way for the jurors to determine the facts and judge the quality of the evidence, is to have one side whose sole goal is to convict the defendant, while the others sole goal is to show that either the evidence or the law does not apply to the defendant.

The judge, is there to see to it that everything proceeds in an orderly manner, that both teams of attorneys abide by the rules, and that everyone remains safe.

The Juror’s Duty – Nullification

If you have been selected for jury duty you will go thru a selection process.  You may be asked questions by both sets of attorneys, because they get to vote on whether they want you to be a juror on their case.  They have a limited number of potential jurors they can “disqualify” and then that’s it.

As a juror, it is your duty to know your constitutional rights regarding being a juror.  Our Constitution is what makes us the masters of these public servants.  And this is where we come to the crux of being a juror –

A jurors first duty is to protect his fellow man from the abuse of power by government.

Shocking isn’t it?  The most powerful right a citizen has, is also the least known by the citizen.

A person, acting in capacity as a juror, can fight tyranny by refusing to convict.

“…to prevent oppression by the Government…protect against unfounded criminal charges brought to eliminate enemies and against judges too responsive to the voice of higher authority.” Duncan v. Louisiana, 391 U.S. 145, 155-56 (1968)

The examples are numerous, such as when jurors in the North refused to convict people who were guilty of breaking the runaway slave laws.

“We recognize, as appellants urge, the undisputed power of the jury to acquit, even if its verdict is contrary to the law as given by the judge, and contrary to the evidence. This is a power that must exist as long as we adhere to the general verdict in criminal cases, for the courts cannot search the minds of the jurors to find the basis upon which they judge. If the jury feels that the law under which the defendant is accused, is unjust, or that exigent circumstances justified the actions of the accused, or for any reason which appeals to their logic of passion, the jury has the power to acquit, and the courts must abide by that decision.” US vs Moylan, 417 F 2d 1002, 1006 (1969)

” …unreviewable and irreversible power… to acquit in disregard of the instructions on the law given by the trial judge.” US vs Dougherty, 473 F 2d 1113, 1139 (1972)

Jury Nullification

At it’s most basic level jury nullification means that the power of the juror is the raw power to free someone regardless of the law, regardless of the facts, for any reason whatsoever, or for no reason, related or unrelated to the case.

Neither the judge, nor the prosecutors will tell you that you have this right.  As a matter of fact the judge may “instruct” you to the contrary.  But this in no way means that you do not have the right.  The right to jury nullification is a constitutional right protected by not one, not two, but three constitutional amendments.

“The fact that there is widespread existence of the jury’s prerogative, and approval of its existence as a necessary counter to case-hardened judges and arbitrary prosecutors, does not establish as an imperative that the jury must be informed by the judge of that power.” US vs Dougherty, 473 F 2d (1972)

It will annoy the attorneys that you understand you have this absolute right.  A judge may tell you to the contrary, and even go so far as holding you in contempt.  But in so doing he will be violating your constitutional rights and will suffer the penalty for it. In some states there are even laws that within or even near court facilities it is illegal to tell anyone about this right. They will arrest you. It is up you to fight this unconstitutional abuse of power.

What this also means is that if you feel a law is wrong, unjust, unfairly applied, whatever the reason, you can refuse to convict.  This is your constitutional right.

Some might try to argue that nullification violates the juror’s oath.  It does not.  No Constitutional right is capable of violating an oath.  The Constitution trumps any such oath, as such oaths are not dictated by the Constitution.

The prime example of nullification, pre-Constitution, is from 1734 in the trial of John Peter Zenger, who was arrested for seditious libel against His Majesty’s government.  Zenger published papers that were critical of colonial rule.  When brought to trial he admitted to what he published and defended himself by showing how his facts were the truth.  The judge instructed the jurors that the truth of the issues had no bearing on the violation of the law.  The judge even went so far as to tell the jurors to find Zenger guilty.  The jury retired, and it took only ten minutes for them to return and pronounce him not guilty.  This is the power of the juror.


It is every citizens duty to know and to understand their constitutional rights.  Many many people died so that you could have them.  In the scheme of checks and balances that our founding fathers created, the juror, is the last check over the power of a government out of control, if they would only use it.

The juror is the final arbiter over bad laws.  For example, if the citizenry of America truly wanted to de-criminalize marijuana, the jurors of the land need only refuse to convict each and every person brought to trial on the charge.  And none could gainsay them.

The juror is the last chance, bar force of arms, a citizen has in the normal process of government to prevent tyranny.

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